Before talking about the interesting facts about pakistan nuclear weapons or arsenal, let just have a brief overview.
Pakistan began its nuclear efforts during the 1950s as an energy program. In 1956, the Pakistani government created the Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) to lead the new program In 1972, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto—soon to be elected Prime Minister—called a meeting in which he instructed top Pakistani scientists to build the bomb. Physicist Munir Ahmad Khan was among the scientists invited to the meeting. During the 1990s, Pakistan prepared for possible testing. Project officials selected the Ras Koh Hills in the southwestern Baluchistan province as a test site. On May 28, 1998 Pakistan announced that it had successfully conducted five nuclear tests.
Some interesting facts about pakistan nuclear weapons.
- Pakistan has more than 160 warheads which is more than india israel and north korea in No.
- International Panel on Fissile Materials concluded in 2015 that Pakistan possesses fissile material sufficient for over 200 weapons.
- Islamabad has stockpiled approximately 3.1 ± .4 metric tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU), and produces enough HEU for perhaps 10 to 15 warheads per year.
- The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, headed by Munir Ahmad Khan, focused on the plutonium route to nuclear weapons development using material from the safeguarded Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP).
- By the early 1980s, Pakistan had a clandestine uranium enrichment facility, and A.Q. Khan would later assert that the country had acquired the capability to assemble a first-generation nuclear device as early as 1984.
- Pakistan also received assistance from states, especially China. Beginning in the late 1970s Beijing provided Islamabad with various levels of nuclear and missile-related assistance, including centrifuge equipment, warhead designs, HEU, components of various missile systems, and technical expertise.
- Pakistan nuclear test was a necessary response to India, and that Pakistan’s nuclear weapons were only “in the interest of national self-defense… to deter aggression, whether nuclear or conventional.”
- Pakistan’s position on nuclear disarmament is that it will only give up nuclear weapons if India gives up its own nuclear arsenal
- In response to the U.S.-India deal, Pakistan has sought to increase its civilian nuclear cooperation with China. Under a previous cooperation framework China had supplied Pakistan with two pressurized water reactors, CHASNUPP-1 and CHASNUPP-2,
- After 9/11, the United States grew very concerned that political instability and religious radicalism in Pakistan could give non-state actors such as the Taliban access to nuclear materials.
- In the 1990s, China designed and supplied the heavy water Khushab reactor, which plays a key role in Pakistan’s production of plutonium.
- “If India builds the bomb, we will eat grass or leaves, even go hungry, but we will get one of our own,” proclaimed then-Minister of Foreign Affairs Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
- Pakistan is clearly developing a robust nuclear capability that can not only deter but fight a nuclear war.
- The sea component of Pakistan’s nuclear force consists of the Babur class of cruise missiles. The latest version, Babur-2.
- A submarine-launched version, Babur-3, was tested in January and would be the most survivable of all Pakistani nuclear delivery systems.
- The Hatf series of mobile missiles includes the solid-fueled Hatf-III (180 miles), solid-fueled Hatf-IV (466 miles) and liquid-fueled Hatf V, (766 miles).
- Pakistan claims that the weapons are only armed by the appropriate code at the last moment, preventing a “rogue nuke” scenario.
- Pakistani nuclear weapons are under control of the military’s Strategic Plans Division, and are primarily stored in Punjab Province.
- A nuclear power for decades, Pakistan is now attempting to construct a nuclear triad of its own.
- In 1948, Mark Oliphant sent a letter to Muhammad Ali Jinnah recommending that Pakistan should start a nuclear programme
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