The Khewra Salt Mine in Pakistan is the world’s 2nd largest salt mine. It is said to have been discovered in 326 BC when Alexander the Great’s horse began licking the rocks in the area. Khewra has led to over 40 kilometers of underground tunnels and produces over 325,000 tons of salt each year!

Fascinating and interesting facts about khewra salt mine.

Here Are some most interesting and fascinating facts about khewra salt mine.

  1. Khewra Salt Mine in Pakistan is the world’s 2nd largest salt mine.
  2. The Khewra Salt Mine is drawn upon eighteen storeys, spreading well above forty kilometers.
  3. About 250,000 tourists visit the mine annually, stamping Khewra as one of Pakistan’s most visited tourist spots.
  4. There is actually a Mosque inside made entirely of salt rock.
  5. It’s a cool 18 degrees Celsius year-round in the 17 stories high, 45 km tunnels. While its blazing hot outside, you can enjoy a cool springtime breeze inside.
  6. The electric single gauge train that runs through the main tunnel is more than 150 years old—but works fine.
  7. The low humidity, salt-laden air really does clear your lungs and you feel refreshed in the 2 hours tour through the mine.
  8. Natural salt formations and geometrical patterns are awe-inspiring. It’s a better idea to pay a tour guide Rs 1000 and he might take you to some of the least visited tombs. That’s where is real beauty is.
  9. Himalayan salt is actually Khewra salt with its 1% content of potassium, magnesium, and calcium—all essential minerals for humans.
  10. This salt color ranges from off-white to deep pink and is considered a delicacy in the western world. 
  11. The British Colonials shot dead 12 protesting miners at the mouth of the mine in 1870s, while they were asking for better working conditions.
  12. This mine was identified by Alexander in BC times, passed on to Mughal Akbar then to Gakhar-Rajas, further on to Ranjit-Hari Singh combine and finally to British Sarkar.
  13. Go to Khewra if you want to see something different from the mundane—and don’t complain about the filth.
  14. Don’t forget to take home a Khewra salt bedside lamp from the souvenir shop. It clears up the bedroom of dust and absorbs moisture. It’s very good for people with asthma and mucus issues.
  15. Among the most interesting sights in the mine are the salt bridge that stands solid without any support whatsoever, the crystal gallery, and the carvings of verses and faces of the founders of Pakistan on the roof of a chamber.
  16. A dispensary has been set up inside Khewra to cater to the immediate needs of tourists and labourers. An asthma clinic was also opened in 2007.
  17. A souvenir shop sells various items made of salt, including lamps, bowls and replicas of famous buildings. There is even a cafe with a large seating area.
  18. There are numerous salt water ponds present, some of them allegedly centuries old. Various salt structures have also been erected in the mines.
  19. The mine has approximately 220 million tons of salt deposits. The current production from the mines is 465,000 tons per annum.
  20. There are 7 levels above the ground and 12 below, with over 40 kilometres of tunnels.
  21. 50% of the salt is excavated while 50% is left as pillars to support the mines.
  22. Spot checking of the salt reveals 99% pure salt and on average results in 96% pure salt. It is said that this is one of the purest forms of salt available.
  23. A tour of the mines takes approximately 1.5 hours.
  24. t’s a good idea to wear proper walking shoes when taking the tour to avoid discomfort.
  25. Located in Khewra, in the Jhelum District of Punjab, the salt mines attract over 40,000 visitors a year.